The 1040 is your personal (not business) federal tax return. The 1040 tax return is due on Tax Day, on or around April 15. When you file Form 1040, you’ll need your taxpayer and dependent information, including income and exemptions. Individuals can apply for a six-month filing extension if needed, which pushes your due date to October 15. For tax year 2018 and beyond, this redesigned tax Form 1040 version will be used instead of 1040-A or 1040-EZ.
Are you self-employed or own a small business? If your income isn’t subject to tax withholding, tax form 1040-ES will help you figure out and pay your estimated taxes on your earned income.
If you recently got lucky while gambling, don’t forget that the IRS considers your winnings to be taxable income. To report your gambling income, file Form W-2G.
Employees fill out Form W-4 for employers. The form includes request for personal information, claiming dependents, and tax withholdings or exemption. The withheld money from your paycheck goes directly to the IRS and is a factor in your annual refund.
If you don’t have a social security number and aren’t eligible to get one, you’ll need an IRS individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN). This number is used for federal tax purposes to identify taxpayers. In addition to a completed Form W-7, you must provide the IRS with any tax returns that may need the number and a valid ID for the person who needs the number.
Form W-9 is a requested document used to confirm taxpayer identification number (TIN). The TIN is needed to file other IRS documents (e.g. Form 1099). This form is commonly used with contractor relationships and certain financial transactions.
When April rolls around and you need more time to prepare your federal tax return, you can apply for an extension to file your taxes. This does NOT extend the date for any IRS payment due. Form 4868 is for individuals. If you’re a business requesting an extension, you’ll most likely use Form 7004.
Need your transcript or other return information? Whether you need financial information to complete a loan or mortgage application or you just want access to your own tax info, you fill out Form 4506-T to access your financial records with the IRS. This form will only allow you access to tax records from the current year up to three years earlier. Getting these records is free of charge and should arrive in the mail in about three weeks.
The IRS allows taxpayers to request a payment plan with Form 9465 if your owed tax debt is unaffordable all at once. This form asks about your current tax situation, what you owe, and what you can pay per month. If you need help vetting your IRS tax debt relief options, call Tax Defense Network.
If you’ve got a mortgage, your lender will file Form 1098 to report the amount of interest and related expenses paid on a mortgage during the tax year. Once you have this information, you may be eligible to deduct the mortgage interest paid from your taxable income.
If you have student loans, your student loan servicer will file Form 1098-E to report the amount of interest you paid in 2018 (if it met or exceeded $600). Once you have your copy of the 1098-E, you may be eligible to deduct the student loan interest paid from your taxable income.
Form 1099-MISC is most often used in a business-contractor relationship for a payer to report payments ($600 or more) from the previous year. Rental income, royalties, or gaming profits may also require Form 1099-MISC. Employers issue a Form W-2 to employees, whereas a Form 1099-MISC is for non-employees (i.e. contractors).
Lenders and financial institutions file Form 1099-C for each person they have canceled, forgiven, or discharged an owed debt of $600 or more. The debtor must report this amount to the IRS as taxable income.
Form 941 is part of an employer’s quarterly tax obligation. As the name suggests, this form is due four times throughout the year. Employers must report income, Social Security, or Medicare tax withheld from employee paychecks. This form shows a business’s balance due or if they can get a refund from overpaid employment taxes.
If you don’t have an employer identification number (EIN) for your business, you’ll need to use Form SS-4 to apply for one. An EIN is used for business tax filing and reporting. You’ll need to provide information about your business, including its name, address, structure type, and reason for applying.
If you’re dealing with filing estimated federal income tax for a corporation, Form 1120-W is what you’ll need. Corporations use this form to estimate tax liability and figure out the amount of their estimated tax payments.
Form 8300 is used if you or your business receives a cash payment over $10,000 for one or multiple related transactions. Failing to file Form 8300 and providing a written statement to each party involved may result in a serious penalty. This is how the IRS helps to combat illegal laundering and tax evasion activity.
The counterpart of W-4, the W-2 is for employers to report an employee’s tax situation (i.e. wages and withholdings from the previous year). Filed for federal and state taxes, the W-2 is required by employers to send to employees before January 31. If you haven’t received your W-2 or other tax forms, ask your employer or contact the IRS ASAP.